Glossary of Wood, Lumber

Bubinga Wood Lumber

Bubinga Wood Lumber

Bubinga Wood Lumber – Bubinga heartwood ranges from a pinkish-red to a dark reddish-brown with darker purple or black streaks. The sapwood is a pale straw color and is clearly demarcated from the heartwood. Bubinga can be found with a variety of grain configurations, including: pommele, flamed, waterfall, quilted, mottled, etc. Bubinga is used in veneers, […]

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Cedar Wood Lumber

Cedar Wood Lumber

Cedar Wood – Cedar wood lumber comes from a family of trees with similar properties, but different color and grain. Cedar is an aromatic softwood that ranges from dark brown to red-brown to pale yellowish-white depending on species. It is often used for shingles, exterior siding, fence posts and unfinished construction lumber. Cedar is rated as […]

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Cherry Wood Lumber

Cherry Wood Lumber

Cherry Wood – Cherry Wood Lumber is a light pinkish-brown when freshly cut and develops a rich reddish-brown patina with age, a look frequently imitated with wood stains on other hardwoods. The aging process of Cherry can be accelerated by exposing the wood to direct sunlight. Cherry is a hardwood commonly used for cabinetry, fine […]

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Cypress Wood Lumber

Cypress Wood Lumber

Cypress Wood Lumber – Cypress wood color tends to be a light, yellowish-brown and its sapwood nearly white. Cypress is a hardwood commonly used for exterior construction, docks, boatbuilding, interior trim, and veneer.  Cypress wood is a popular choice in construction applications where decay-resistance is required. Cypress trees that have been attacked by a fungus, […]

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Ipe Wood Lumber

Ipe Wood Lumber

Ipe Wood Lumber – (pronounced “ee-pay”), also called Brazilian Walnut, is a beautiful dark grained wood from South America. Ipe wood can vary in color from reddish-brown, to a more yellowish-olive brown or darker blackish-brown; sometimes with contrasting darker brown/black stripes. In certain trees, there are powdery yellow deposits within the wood. Ipe is rated […]

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Iroko Wood Lumber

Iroko Wood Lumber

Iroko Wood Lumber – Iroko heartwood is usually yellow to golden or medium brown, its color tends to darken over time. Pale yellow sapwood is clearly demarcated from the heartwood. Iroko is used in boatbuilding, domestic flooring, furniture, veneer and cabinetwork. Iroko is very dense, durable and is resistant to both rot and insect attack. […]

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Jatoba Wood Lumber

Jatoba Wood Lumber

Jatoba Wood Lumber – also known as Brazilian Cherry in the hardwood flooring industry. It has no relation to domestic Cherry, except for its natural color resembling the commonly stained color of domestic Cherry on furniture. Jatoba varies from a light orangish-brown to a darker reddish-brown, sometimes with contrasting darker grayish-brown streaks. Its color tends […]

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Mahogany Wood Lumber

Mahogany Wood Lumber

Mahogany Wood Lumber – Mahogany heartwood color can vary from a pale pinkish-brown to a darker reddish-brown and tends to darken with age. Mahogany also exhibits an optical effect known as chatoyancy, in which a band of reflected light, known as a “cat’s-eye,” moves just beneath the surface (Tiger’s-eye is a well-known gemstone that exhibit […]

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Maple Wood Lumber

Maple Wood Lumber

Maple Wood – Maple is a family of wood with various grain and color variations, but generally similar properties. Hard Maple wood lumber is usually from the Sugar Maple, the tree tapped for maple syrup. Hard Maple wood is stronger, stiffer, harder, and denser than all the other species of Maple wood commercially available. Hard […]

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Merbau Wood Lumber

Merbau Wood Lumber

Merbau Wood Lumber – Merbau wood has an orangish-brown color when freshly cut, but ages to a dark reddish-brown. Color variation between boards can be high. Small yellow mineral deposits are found throughout the wood, making it easy to separate from other woods. These yellow deposits are water-soluble and may cause staining when wetted. Merbau […]

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